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Ecología Aplicada

Print version ISSN 1726-2216


NARREA-CANGO, Mónica; VERGARA-COBIAN, Clorinda  and  MALPARTIDA-ZEVALLOS, Jenny. Phytophagous insects associated to Ficus benjamina L. and Ficus microcarpa L. (Urticales: Moraceae) in Lima, Perú. Ecol. apl. [online]. 2013, vol.12, n.2, pp.67-74. ISSN 1726-2216.

Ficus trees are widely used in Perú as ornamental trees in urban areas as well as live fences in fields and fruit orchards. Nevertheless, despite the presence of insects, there are few reports of the species these trees support. For this reason a survey was conducted in order to identify the main phytophagous insects associated to F. benjamina and F. microcarpa. In this first paper, six phytophagous species are recorded and the diaspidid Chrysomphalus pinnulifer (Maskell) is reported for the first time in Perú. Differing morphological characters in these insects are detailed as well as damages they cause to Ficus. Five of the six insect pecies are also reported in fruit bearing trees. We also confirm the high specificity of Gynaikothrips uzeli and G. ficorum to F. benjamina and to F. microcarpa, respectively. We conclude that Ficus trees are alternative hosts to plagues in economic importance fruit-bearing trees.

Keywords : Chrysomphalus pinnulifer; Gynaikothrips uzeli; Gynaikothrips ficorum; fruit trees pests.

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