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Ecología Aplicada

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MEDELLIN-MORALES, Sergio Guillermo et al. Diversity of traditional etnobotany knowledge at "El Cielo" Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, México. Ecol. apl. [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.1, pp.49-61. ISSN 1726-2216.

This research aimed to determine richness on ethnobotanical knowledge possessed by inhabitants of two local communities. For this, 30% of the inhabitants of both localities (66 people in total) were randomly interviewed, and two participatory community workshops (one per locality) were performed. We identified 156 useful taxa corresponding to 62 botanical families. Richness on ethnobotanical knowledge (RQZ) in both communities is similar, observing a homogeneous level of knowledge in different age groups of both communities. Only in the Alta Cima community there is a significant difference in the age group from 41 to 50 years. Those who know more about useful plants are men (in Alta Cima), while in San Jose the values between men and women are similar. Most useful species are native to both communities, although there is a greater percentage of exogenous species claimed in San Jose. The empirical knowledge of plant species, which persists to this day, and more notably in rural communities, is the direct result of the uses that humans have given these plants.

Keywords : El Cielo biosphere reserve; cloud forest; campesino knowledge; ethnobotany.

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