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Ecología Aplicada

versión impresa ISSN 1726-2216


QUINTEROS CARLOS, Zulema  y  SANCHEZ INFANTAS, Edgar. Description of the agriculture of the district of Cajatambo (Lima) and classification of producers from a survey. Ecol. apl. [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.2, pp.165-175. ISSN 1726-2216.

Cajatambo district is capital of the province of the same name of the Department of Lima. It is located in the northern part of the west-central Sierra of Peru between 2 600 and 5 654 meters above sea level. It is qualified as a poverty zone and purely agricultural and livestock. Has about 2 000 inhabitants, with migratory trend towards the cities of Barranca, Huacho and Lima. The agrarian system of the district consists of a set of parts or subsystems that through the present study it was sought to identify using a survey made to 97 producers (10% of total population). The survey consisted of 32 questions, 6 on socio-economic aspects and 26 issues of agricultural production. Using tools of multivariate analysis identified four groups on producers: "puneros-maiceros", "cuyeros-maiceros", "vaqueros" and "undifferentiated" - called by cultivation or breeding practice preferably, except the "undifferentiated” have a marginal agricultural activity. Groups - whose differences reached statistical significance - an end to the “maiceros-cuyeros” with scant possession of title deeds, limited membership of associations of producers, void receiving training from source an and pretty scatter among the towns of the district. At the other end are the “vaqueros”; that you most have land titles, they belong to an Association of producers and have the highest level of instruction. “Puneros-maiceros” are located in the center of this gradient.

Palabras clave : Agrarian system; survey; types of producers; associativity.

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