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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


ROSAS A, Ángel; LAMA G, Giancarlo; LLANOS-ZAVALAGA, Fernando  and  DUNSTAN Y, Jorge. Prevalencia de obesidad e hipercolesterolemia en trabajadores de una institución estatal de Lima - Perú. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2002, vol.19, n.2, pp.87-92. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of obesity and hypercholesterolemia in workers of a government institution in Lima - Perú. Materials and methods: An analytical cross sectional study was performed, evaluating 359 workers who went to their annual medical check-up between October and December 2001. Weight and height were measured in each subject, and a 5 mL fasting blood sample was taken. Being overweight was defined as a body mass index (BMI) 25 and <30, Obesity as a BMI30, and hypercholesterolemia as total cholesterol (TC) 200 mg/dL. Results: The prevalence of obesity and being overweight was 17,9% and 46,8%, respectively. Hypercholesterolemia was found in 123 (34,7%) subjects. The rates for abnormal cholesterol values were as follows: HDL-C, 0,0%; LDL-C, 29,7%; triglycerides, 19.5%; TC/HDL-C, 24,9%, and LDL-C/HDL-C, 16,7%. Masculine sex, age greater than 50 years and sedentarism were associated with abnormal values for serum lipids. TC, LDL-C, and triglyceride values, as well as TC/HDL- C and LDL-C/HDL-C rates were significantly higher in obese subjects. However, HDL-C values were higher in the group of subjects with an adequate weight. Conclusion: Obesity and hypercholesterolemia were relevant conditions in this working population. We recommend to establish programs for the cardiovascular risk factors prevention and changes in life style in this population.

Keywords : Prevalencia; Obesity; Hyperlipidemia; Workers; Urban population.

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