SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.20 issue3Genotipificación de aislamientos de Bartonella bacilliformis por amplificación de elementos repetitivos mediante el uso de REP-PCR y ERIC-PCR author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


CALDERON E, Róger et al. Caracterización molecular de Klebsiella pneumoniae y Enterobacter cloacae productoras de ß-lactamasas de espectro extendido tipo SHV-5 en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatal de Lima. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2003, vol.20, n.3, pp.121-127. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objective: To elucidate the mechanisms involved in the transmission and antimicrobial resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae nosocomial isolates. Materials and methods: Genetic diversity was determinated for 10 bacterial isolates from hospitalized patients and environmental samples from a neonatal intensive care unit of a Lima hospital, using ribosomal and plasmidic DNA fingerprinting. Afterwards, the antimicrobial resistance was characterized as well as major factors using isofocusing electrophoresis. This was confirmed with Southern Blotting and PCR. Finally the resistance transfer ability was assessed using bacterial conjugation assays. Results: All K. pneumoniae and E. cloacae isolates displayed a unique plasmidic profile. E. cloacae isolates displayed the same genetic profile but, on the contrary, four K. pneumoniae genotypes highly related were found. In addition, it was established that all isolates produced extended spectrum ß-lactamase SHV-5-like transferable to other strains. Conclusions: This study suggests that the bacterial dissemination in neonates can be favored by the inadequate assistance in handling, by defective storage of milk for neonatal use and because of the indiscriminate use of antimicrobial agents, which contributed to the active transmission of genes responsible for antimicrobial resistance.

Keywords : Klebsiella pneumoniae; Enterobacter cloacae; Microbial drug resistanse; Neonatal intensive care units; nosocomial infections; Hospitals; Perú.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License