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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


LEIVA G, Nélida  and  CACERES R, Omar. Variabilidad genética de Aedes aegypti en algunas áreas del Perú usando Single Stranded Conformational Polymorphism (SSCP). Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2004, vol.21, n.3, pp.157-166. ISSN 1726-4634.

Aedes aegypti is the responsible vector for transmission of dengue fever virus, and its geographical distribution has been widely broadened, mainly because of human intervention. Objectives: To analyze the mosquito genetic variability comparing the Second Internal Trascribed Spacer (ITS-2) from the ribosomal DNA (rDNA). Materials and Methods: Samples from seven Peruvian sites (Jaen, Tingo Maria, Iquitos, Lambayeque, Rimac district in Lima, Sullana, and Zarumilla) and one site from Ecuador (Huaquillas Province) were assessed. Variability analysis was determined using the SSCP (Single-Stranded Conformational Polymorphism) technique. Results: The study shows that there are genetic variability between the analyzed populations, mainly between the samples from the Peruvian northern and central coast (Zarumilla, Sullana, and Rímac) as well as in the Ecuador sample (Huaquillas) and the samples from the northeastern region in Peru (Tingo Maria, Iquitos, Jaen, and Lambayeque). Conclusions: Two genetic variants were determined for Aedes aegypti populations: Coastal and northeastern, which probably come from different lineages, and whose common ancestor became isolated because of the distance. It was observed that there is no relationship between genetic distances and geographical distances, indicating that the migration of the mosquito populations is a consequence of human intervention disseminating the vector and not because of active mosquito migration. We propose that there is a role for the Andes Mountains with respect to Aedes populations migration and separation.

Keywords : Aedes/genetic; Variation (Genetics); ITS 2; Single-Stranded Conformational Polymorphism (SSCP); Peru.

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