SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.24 issue3Estimation of burden of disease by AIDS in the peruvian assure population, EsSalud 2002 and 2003Knowledge about hiv/aids and sexual practices in students of 14 to 17 years from Tacna, Perú 2004 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


VALDERRAMA C, María; CAMPOS, Francisco E.; CARCAMO, César P.  and  GARCIA. Factors associated to cervical lesions or presence of human papilloma virus in two populations of students from Lima. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2007, vol.24, n.3, pp.234-239. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with cervical lesions or presence of human papilloma virus (HPV) in women students with higher education from 18 to 26 years. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study in students from two universities and a technical institute in Lima were carried out from August through December 2001. We surveyed women and collected cervical samples for Pap smear and HPV DNA detection for the 6, 11, 16 and 18 strains using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The analysis was limited to HPV DNA and Pap smear samples of the 321 sexually-active students. Results: The prevalence of HPV (6, 11, 16, 18) was 8,4%, and for cervical lesions were 2,5% (by PAP smear). The cervical lesions or presence of HPV were more frequent in the group of 21 to 23 years (p= 0,024). The difference in age (three or more years) between the oldest sexual partner and the participant was associated significantly to cervical lesions or presence of HPV (OR:8,8; CI95:1,9-39,6). Age of first sexual intercourse, number of sexual partners and condom use, showed no statistical significance. Conclusions: Cervical lesions or presence of HPV are common in this population of young women. Age and the age difference with the oldest sexual partner were associated with cervical lesions or presence of HPV.

Keywords : Cervical lesions; Risk factors; Human papilloma virus (HPV); Pap smear; Polymerase chain reaction.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License