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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


CULQUI, Dante R. et al. Chacho (Alcanzo, Hapiruzqa), Andean cultural syndrome: frequency, characteristics and traditional treatments in Ayacucho, Perú. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2008, vol.25, n.1, pp.59-65. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objectives. Knowing the clinical features, diagnose and treatment for patients with the syndrome mean as chacho and what is its perceived prevalence in five districts of Ayacucho (Peruvian Central Andes).Material and methods. Qualiquantitative study, which included two groups of participants, the first (95) were residents or relatives of those who have ever had in your life chacho, the second group (11) formed by traditional healers of every community. Resultados. Chacho (alcanzo, hapiruzqa in quechua), is regarded as a disease of magical origin, characterized by fever, malaise, rejection of some dairy products and pork, in most patients referred the antecedent of a to rest near hill or sleep on the floor (ground ). The duration of the disease was less than a week on average and it was shown that treatment includes the consumption of gasoline, creso (disinfectant), kerosene, as well as the pagapo (Andean ritual of payment to the ground). The consumption of drugs worsens the health condition of patients. Perceived prevalence ranged between 9.1 to 38.0 cases per thousand people habitants, and perceived mortality from 3.8 to 16.8 per ten thousand habitants. Conclusions. Chacho is a present cutlural syndrome, which must be recognized and addressed by health personnel, thus giving them the opportunity to bring the ancestral knowledge of traditional medicine with the current biomedical.

Keywords : Traditional medicine; Treatment refusal; Cultural diversity; Peru.

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