Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
versión impresa ISSN 1726-4634
MIRANDA, J. Jaime y EQUIPO PIAT et al. Coverage of the Emergency Health Care Law and the Compulsory Insurance against Road Traffic Crashes (SOAT). Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2010, vol.27, n.2, pp. 179-186. ISSN 1726-4634.
Objective. The aim of this study was to ascertain, from patients perspective, the degree of knowledge and the actual coverage of the Emergency Health Care Law and the Compulsory Insurance against Road Traffic Crashes (SOAT). Material and methods. A cross-sectional, active surveillance of emergency wards of selected health facilities in three Peruvian cities (Lima, Pucallpa y Ayacucho) was conducted. Results. Out of 644 surveyed victims, 77% did not know about the law about provision of emergency health care (81% in Lima, 64% in Pucallpa y 93% in Ayacucho; p<0,001). Following the explanation of what this law entails, 46% reported to have received care according to the law specifications. As for SOAT, the health care related costs of 237 persons (37.2%) were not covered by any insurance scheme (74% in Pucallpa, 34% in Ayacucho and 26% in Lima: p<0,001). Conclusions. In this study, the lack of knowledge about the provision of emergency health care law was important, and the coverage of care was deficient as nearly half of participants reported not to be treated by one or more of the entitlements stated in such law. Road traffic injuriesrelated health care costs were not covered by any insurance scheme in one of three victims. Improvements on citizens information about their rights and of effective law enforcement are badly needed to reach a universal and more equitable coverage in the health care of road traffic-related victims.
Palabras llave : Emergency medical services; Law enforcement; Accident insurance; Insurance benefits; Accidents, traffic; Peru.