Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
versión impresa ISSN 1726-4634
MORALES-SOTO, Nelson; ALFARO-BASSO, Daniel y GALVEZ-RIVERO, Wilfredo. Psychosocial aspects and accidents in land transport. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2010, vol.27, n.2, pp. 267-272. ISSN 1726-4634.
Road traffic accidents are a public health problem in Peru, having caused 35 596 deaths in Peru between 1998 and 2008. Lima is the most affected region, presenting 61.7% of the accidents, the annual cost reached one thousand million dollars, equivalent to a third part of the investment in health. Available studies give emphasis to the protagonists -the drivers, the pedestrians- or to equipment and roads; the laws have been modified and containment plans for accidents have been implemented, but the incidence remains the same. We raise the possibility of exploring behavioral and social factors that could be relevant in the genesis of the problem, revising those related to current disorder in transport, the behaviors of drivers and pedestrians and the permissiveness of society in general particularly of the authority. We propose research and a multidisciplinary and intersectoral intervention.
Palabras llave : Traffic, accident; Violence; Social behavior; Public health.