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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


AGUILAR, Cristian  and  RODRIGUEZ-DELFIN, Luis. Effects of spironolactone administration on the podocytes loss and progression of experimental diabetic nephropathy. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.4, pp.490-497. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objectives. Evaluate the effect of spironolactone (SPL) on the loss of podocytes during the progression of experimental diabetic nephropathy (DN). Materials and methods. A group of male Holtzman rats randomly received streptozotocin (diabetic group) or a buffer citrate (control group). Diabetic rats were treated with SPL (50 mg/kg/day). The glomerular area and the cellularity were evaluated by histomorphometric methods. The injury and loss of podocytes was assessed by desmin expression and Wt-1, respectively. The gene expression of TGF-β1 was assessed by RT-PCR. Results. Glucose levels, the glomerular area, the mesangial expansion and collagen content increased significantly in diabetic rats. The administration of SPL prevented these changes without changing glucose levels. Immunostain for Wt-1 decreased significantly while immunostain for desmin increased dramatically in diabetic rats. Treatment with SPL prevented the increase of desmin expression and the loss of Wt-1 expression. Furthermore, the administration of SPL prevented the increase of TGF-β1 mRNA expression in diabetic rats. Conclusions. Treatment with SPL, through independent glucose effects, reduces the loss of podocytes and the progression of DN morphological changes. These results suggest that these effects are mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of TGF-β1 mRNA expression.

Keywords : Diabetic nephropathies; Podocytes; Fibrosis; Spironolactone; Rats.

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