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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


SALAZAR, Miriam Rosario et al. The role of the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases in the control of cancer in Peru. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2013, vol.30, n.1, pp.105-112. ISSN 1726-4634.

With a mortality rate that constitutes the second nationwide, the estimated incidence of cancer in Peru is 150 cases x 100 000 inhabitants. Around 75% of the cases are diagnosed at an advanced stage and mainly in Lima. In this context, the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases (INEN) has promoted the decentralization of oncological care creating regional institutes of neoplastic diseases, oncological units and prevention centers. In addition, INEN has designed, developed and implemented the Budgetary Program for Cancer Prevention and Control, which, since 2011, has allowed for more than 7000 centers around the country to allocate resources to the prevention, promotion and early detection of the most frequent cancers in Peru. With the financial support of the state’s health insurance system, the basic strategic central points were integrated to provide low-income cancer patients with comprehensive medical care. Through this way, and within the framework of a state policy integrated to and articulated with the health sector, the National Plan for Comprehensive Medical Care for Cancer Patients and the Improvement in the Access to Oncological Services in Peru, known as “The Hope Plan”, was born. This article elaborates on the role that INEN plays in the control of cancer as a public health issue, highlighting the importance of the Strategic Budgetary Program for Cancer Prevention and Control and its role in the “The Hope Plan”

Keywords : Cancer; Public health; Prevention; Health promotion; Decentralization; Comprehensive health care; National health programs; Universal coverage.

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