SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.30 issue4Association between tuberculosis incidence and the Human Development Index in 165 countries of the worldAntibiotic resistance of streptococcus pneumoniae among healthy nasopharyngeal carriers in seven regions of Peru author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


ALCAZAR, Lorena; OCAMPO, Diego; HUAMAN-ESPINO, Lucio  and  PABLO APARCO, Juan. Economic impact of chronic, acute and global  malnutrition in Peru. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2013, vol.30, n.4, pp.569-574. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objectives. To estimate the economic impact of chronic, acute and global malnutrition in Peru. Materials and methods. This study, through an econometric model, estimated the economic impact of child malnutrition in two time horizons (incidental retrospective and prospective) during 2011, considering malnutrition-associated costs of health, education and productivity for the Peruvian economy. Information collected is a combination of data coming from the Demographic Survey of Family Health, the National Survey of Homes, the 2007 Census of Population and Housing, and public budget information, as well as estimates of risks a child is exposed to due to malnutrition during their first years of life. Results. Nationwide it was found that in the perspective retrospective, the cost of child malnutrition in 2011 was 10,999 million soles, which was equal to 2.2% of GDP for that same year. Prospective costs nationwide, of those who by 2011 were 0 to 59 months, reached 4,505 million soles and represented 0.9% of GDP in 2011. Most cases stem from losses of productivity in both cases. Moreover, malnutrition affects much more both the Andes and jungle regions. Conclusions. The economic impact of child malnutrition represents a significant percentage of GDP, reason for which it is necessary to continue investing equitably in its prevention through participation with proven efficiency

Keywords : Malnutrition; Health care costs; ; Health economics.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )