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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


ROMERO, Candice et al. High blood pressure and obesity in indigenous ashaninkas of Junin region, Peru. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2014, vol.31, n.1, pp.78-83. ISSN 1726-4634.

In order to determine the prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in indigenous Ashaninkas, with limited contact with Western culture, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 in five Ashaninka communities of the Junin region in the jungle of Peru. Individuals aged 35 or older were included. 76 subjects were evaluated (average age 47.4 years old, 52.6 % women) corresponding to 43.2% of the eligible population. The prevalence of hypertension was 14.5% (CI 95%: 6.4-22.6) and the prevalence of obesity, according to body mass index, was 4% (CI 95%: 0-8.4). No differences were observed in gender or in blood pressure levels by age group. Compared with previous studies in non-indigenous people of the Peruvian jungle, the prevalence of high blood pressure was higher while the prevalence of obesity was lower. Our findings are a call to be aware of the situation of chronic non-communicable diseases in indigenous populations in the Peruvian Amazon

Keywords : Hypertension; Indigenous population; Health transition; Nutritional transition; Obesity; Chronic disease.

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