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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


GUTIERREZ, César; ROMANI, Franco; WONG-CHERO, Paolo  and  MONTENEGRO-IDROGO, Juan José. Epidemiological profile of traffic-related disability in Peru, 2012. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2014, vol.31, n.2, pp.267-273. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objectives. To describe the epidemiological profile of people living with disabilities due to traffic accidents (TA) in Peru. Materials and methods. Secondary analysis of the National Survey Specialized on Disability (ENEDIS) of 2012 and an ecological analysis of TA records of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications was done. Results. Disability by traffic accidents (DAT) was reported by 49,036 persons; 81.3% of whom live in urban areas. The most frequent disability was limited locomotion and skill (77.4%), followed by visual impairment (22.9%). Dependence for activities was reported in 44.7% of persons with disabilities. The regions with the highest prevalence of TA have a higher prevalence of disability by traffic accidents (Spearman coefficient: 0.426, p=0.034). Conclusions. Most of disability due to TA is found in urban areas, correspond to males and consist of persons in economically productive age. The most common form of disability is in locomotion. Most of individuals do not receive any form of rehabilitation, which accentuates health inequity related to traffic accidents

Keywords : Accidents, traffic; Disabled persons; Prevalence.

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