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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

versión impresa ISSN 1726-4634


VARELA-PINEDO, Luis et al. Clinical, functional and older socio-familiar profile of the community in a district of Lima, Peru. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.4, pp.709-716. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objectives. To determine the clinical, functional and socio-familiar profile of seniors from a community in a district of Lima, Peru. Materials and methods. Descriptive cross-sectional study of a sample of 501 people aged 60 and over living in the San Martin de Porres district. We used a structured questionnaire in which clinical, functional and socio-familiar variables were recorded. A physical evaluation was carried out to assess performance based measures and serum samples were taken for hematological and biochemical examination. The data were presented with descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages for categorical variables and means and standard deviations for the numeric variables. Results. A total of 501 older adults were evaluated. The mean age was 71.5 years (±8.9 years). The most common chronic disease was arterial hypertension at 40.9%, followed by rheumatic diseases with 36.9%. 27.7% had some degree of partial or total dependence in activities of daily living, 16.2% had cognitive impairment, 8% lived alone, 58.5% had or were at risk of having a social problem.61% self-rated their health as normal, while 16% rated it as bad or very bad. Conclusions. Seniors in the community of San Martin de Porres in Lima have frequent problems of functional dependence, have or are at risk of social problems, chronic illness and a high frequency of geriatric syndromes and problems

Palabras clave : Elderly; Health status; Geriatric assessment; Community.

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