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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


HERNANDEZ-VASQUEZ, Akram et al. Potential vulnerability to flooding at public health facilities in four northern regions of Peru. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.1, pp.92-99. ISSN 1726-4634.

In order to determine the potential vulnerability of public health facilities in four northern regions of Peru to the possible effects of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. An exploratory spatial analysis was performed using the geo-referenced points for at-risk areas based on the activation of gullies that were reported by the National Water Authority, and the location of the four regional public health facilities of the Ministry of Health. Concentric areas of influence were simulate from the points of risk towards the public health facilities using radii of 200, 1000 and 1500 meters. The Tumbes region would be the most affected with 37.2% of its health facilities being affected by floods and landslides. The I-2 and I-3 categories of health facilities appeared to be the most affected with 28.9% and 31.6% respectively. Therefore, public health facilities near the risk zones may be affected by the ENSO.

Keywords : Geographic information systems; Spatial analysis; El Niño-Southern Oscillation; Health facilities; Peru.

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