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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

versión impresa ISSN 1726-4634


CRUZADO DE LA VEGA, Viviana. Payment by performance to improve the nutritional status of children: impact of budget support agreements in three peruvian regions with a high prevalence of chronic malnutrition in children in 2010-2014. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.3, pp.365-376. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objetives: To estimate the impact of a payment scheme by performance, known as a budget support agreement, applied by the government in three regions in Peru with the highest rates of chronic malnutrition (CM) in children in 2008-Apurimac, Ayacucho, and Huancavelica-on indicators of health service coverage (immunization, childhood growth and development, and iron supplementation) and the nutritional status of children (malnutrition, anemia, and diarrhea). These agreements were used to transfer resources to the budgets of these regions with the condition of fulfilling management commitments and coverage goals with a view toward improving the nutritional status of children. Materials and methods. Based on data from the Demographic and Family Health Survey conducted from 2008 to 2014, evolution of the indicators in a sample of children residing in the areas where the support programs were signed was compared to that of a control sample in the period in which the agreements were in force and in the subsequent years to estimate differences in the impact of this support strategy. Results. There was a positive impact of the programs on the increase in vaccination coverage provided by the basic health system and rotavirus vaccination, which consequently reduced the rates of diarrhea and malnutrition. Conclusions. The scheme was effective in increasing the vaccination coverage and reducing CM but did not seem to improve the coverage of other benefits, including childhood growth and iron supplementation to children and mothers.

Palabras clave : Health impact assessment; Program evaluation; Reimbursement, incentive; Child health; Child nutrition disorders.

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