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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


ZARRIA-ROMERO, Jacquelyne et al. Effect of the industrial nanoparticles TiO2, SiO2 and ZnO on cell viability and gene expression in red bone marrow of Mus musculus. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.3, pp.436-444. ISSN 1726-4634.

Objectives. To evaluate the effect of ZnO, TiO2 and SiO2 nanoparticles on cell viability and expression of the interleukin 7, interleukin 3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) genes in Mus musculus. Materials and methods. Red bone marrow was extracted from five Balb/c mice for the analysis of cell viability using the MTT test. The mice were divided into two groups of five each: one group was inoculated intraperitoneally with 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10 mg/kg of ZnO and SiO2 nanoparticles, respectively, and the other group was inoculated with 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, and 25 mg/kg of TiO2 nanoparticles, respectively. Thirty hours later, RNA was extracted from the red bone marrow of the mice in both groups for gene expression analysis using quantitative PCR and RT-PCR. Results. ZnO and SiO2 nanoparticles reduced cell viability in a dose-dependent manner by 37% and 26%, respectively, starting at a dose of 1 mg/kg. TiO2 nanoparticles at 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg reduced the gene expression of interleukins 7 and 3 by 55.3% and 70.2%, respectively, and SiO2 nanoparticles caused the greatest decrease (91%) in the expression of GM-CSF. ZnO nanoparticles reduced the expression of GM-CSF starting at doses of 20 mg/kg and 25 mg/kg. Conclusions: ZnO, SiO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles affect cell viability and gene expression in the mouse bone marrow.

Keywords : Nanoparticles; Interleukins; Genic expression; Mus musculus.

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