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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


BONILLA, Catherine et al. Interventions to prevent the development of overweight and obesity in children younger than five years. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.4, pp.682-689. ISSN 1726-4634.

Childhood obesity is one of the most severe public health problems worldwide. The present study describes the interventions used to prevent overweight and obesity in children younger than 5 years. The objective of the interventions was to stimulate breastfeeding, monitor the child’s growth, and promote adequate complementary feeding by means of nutritional counseling using a responsive feeding approach in different settings, including health centers and residences. The interventions included physical activity and nutritional counseling, with the active participation of the parents. The quality of evidence from most studies was high because the evidence was derived from controlled clinical trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses. All interventions were conducted or could be replicated in Peru by adequate contextualization.

Keywords : Pediatric obesity; Overweight; Infant nutrition; Nutrition programs and policies.

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