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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


MARTINEZ-PUCHOL, Sandra et al. Nitrofuran resistance in Salmonella enterica isolated from meat for human consumption. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.1, pp.99-103. ISSN 1726-4634.

The mechanisms of resistance to nitrofurans from 18 meat samples with Salmonella enterica (chicken: 15; beef: 2; pork: 1) collected in Lima (Peru) were analyzed. The isolates were serotyped and the susceptibility levels to furazolidone and nitrofurantoin [with and without the efflux pump inhibitor Phenyl-Arginine- β-naphthylamide (PAβN)], the presence of mutations in the snrA and cnr genes and the transferability of resistance by conjugation were established. Fifteen samples with S. infantis (13 from chicken samples), 2 with S. enteritidis and 1 with S. anatum were identified. All isolates except the S. anatum were resistant to both nitrofurans showing MICs (minimum inhibitory concentration) of furazolidone and nitrofurantoin of 32-64 μg/mL and 128-256 μg/mL, respectively. The addition of PAßN had no effect on the MIC levels. All nitrofuran-resistant isolates showed amino acid codon alterations at both snrA and cnr (S. infantis: snrA STOP-151; cnr STOP-137; S. enteritidis: snrA STOP-180; cnr STOP-179). No transferable mecha nisms of nitrofuran resistance were detected.

Keywords : Drug resistance; Furazolidone; Salmonella.

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