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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


BAILON CALDERON, Henri et al. Neutralization of the lethal activity from Bothrops atrox venom by hyperimune llama serum (Lama glama). Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.3, pp.446-453. ISSN 1726-4634.


To evaluate the capacity of the hyperimmune llama serum (Lama glama) to neutralize the lethal activity of Bothrops atrox venom in laboratory mice.

Materials and methods:

Mean lethal dose (LD50) was calculated from a Bothrops atrox venom sample pool from Peru. The antibody titers were measured by ELISA assay; and the immune serum neutralization potency was measured by calculating the mean effective dose (ED50) during the immunization period.


The venom’s LD50 was 3.96 μg/g; similar to what was found in other studies about Bothrops atrox carried out in Peru. The titers of antibodies against the venom increased rapidly in the llama, demonstrating a fast immune response; however, the neutralization capacity increased slowly and required several doses and immunization reinforcements, obtaining a ED50 of 3.30 μL/g mouse and a neutralization potency of 3.6 mg/mL after 15 immunizations.


The hyperimmune llama serum is able to neutralize the lethality of the Bothrops atrox venom from Peru in laboratory mice.

Keywords : Bothrops atrox; Lama glama; Neutralization; Immune Sera; Lethal Dose 50; Mortality.

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