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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

versión impresa ISSN 1726-4634


BURELA, Alejandra et al. Chlorine dioxide and chlorine derivatives for the prevention or treatment of COVID-19: a systematic review. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.4, pp.605-610.  Epub 07-Sep-2020. ISSN 1726-4634.


To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of chlorine dioxide solution and chlorine derivatives used in the prevention or treatment of COVID-19.


This review adheres to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) and follows the guidelines provided in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. A librarian developed and executed the search strategy; it was further reviewed by two of the authors and complemented by manual search. Randomized clinical trials, quasi-experimental studies, cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, and case reports were included; in vitro or animal studies were excluded. Abstract and full-text screening according to pre-defined eligibility criteria were performed by two reviewers independently using web application Rayyan QCRI. Disagreements on study selection were resolved by a third reviewer. The systematic review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020200641).


Neither published nor pre-print studies evaluating the use of chlorine dioxide or derivatives on SARS-CoV-2 infection were identified. The only finding was an unpublished observational study registry which has no results released yet.


To date, there are no scientific evidence to uphold the use of chlorine dioxide or derivatives as preventive or therapeutic agents against COVID-19.

Palabras clave : Chlorine Dioxide; Chlorine Compounds; Prevention and Control; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2 infection.

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