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Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica

Print version ISSN 1726-4634


CABRERA, Diego M.; CUBA, Fiorella K.; HERNANDEZ, Roger  and  PREVOST-RUIZ, Yolanda. Incidence and risk factors of central line catheter-related bloodstream infections. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2021, vol.38, n.1, pp.95-100.  Epub Feb 01, 2021. ISSN 1726-4634.

Central line catheter-related bloodstream infections (CLABSI) burdens great morbidity, mortality and unnecessary hospital expenses. Studies related to its incidence and epidemiological and clinical profile among neonates in Peru are scarce, not being clear it's actual impact. A prospective cohort study was conducted in a neonatal intensive care unit (ICU) of a public hospital in Lima, Peru between 2017-2018. 167 patients were included (52,7% male) with gestational age between 24-41 weeks, obtaining 1999 catheter-days and 16 cases of CLABSI. The incidence rate was 8/1000 catheter-days. Use of umbilical catheter (p=0,005) and multiple catheters (p<0,001) both showed a statistically significant correlation regarding the development of CLABSI. It’s necessary to extend the study to other ICUs and stablish solid, efficient and long-lasting system of CLABSI surveillance that allows the evaluation of possible interventions to reduce the incidence of CLABSI.

Keywords : Catheter-Related Infections; Newborn; Risk Factors; Peru.

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