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Horizonte Médico (Lima)

Print version ISSN 1727-558X


DIAZ, Lucía; QUINONES, Patricia; VARGAS, Diego  and  COPPOLA, Francisco. Small for gestational age: Sensibility diagnosis and result. Horiz. Med. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.2, pp.6-10. ISSN 1727-558X.

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality. Presents diagnostic difficulties and benefits should be balanced with the increase of interventions. Objective: To determine the sensitivity of clinical - ultrasound diagnosis of Small for Gestational Age Infants (SGA). To assess the impact of prenatal diagnosis in cesarean section rate and neonatal outcome. Material and Methods: Retrospective descriptive and analytical trial, of the Latin American Center of Perinatology database Perinatal Information System (SIP). From March through September 2010 of a total of 4548 newborn child at the Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, 379 were SGA Infants (defined as growth below p10 for gestational age). Of the target population, it was studied whether they had prenatal clinic and ultrasonographic diagnosis, number of prenatal visits, route of delivery and neonatal outcome (Apgar score, blood gases). Results: Of the 379 SGA cases, 99 (26%) had previous diagnosis of IUGR. The average gestational age for the diagnosis was 35 weeks. Of these 99 diagnosed cases, 88 (89%) had more than 5 prenatal visits compared to the group without previous diagnosis. 190 SGA (68%) had well controlled pregnancies. There was no difference in the neonatal outcome of depression, acidosis and low Apgar between the group with IUGR or without diagnosis. Cesarean sections were 56% in the group with previous diagnosis versus 21% in the group without diagnosis. The population group with prenatal diagnosis had 2,64 RR of cesarean section (95% CI 1,98 - 3,51) p<0,0001. Conclusion: Because of the high percentage of pregnancies uncontrolled or poorly obstetric care can not conclude on the clinical sensitivity and / or prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of IUGR, and its impact on neonatal outcomes. The diagnosis of IUGR increases obstetric interventions and maternal morbidity due to the high rate of cesarean sections.

Keywords : Small for gestational age; fetal growth retardation; prenatal care.

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