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Horizonte Médico (Lima)

versión impresa ISSN 1727-558X


SILVA-FHON, Jack Roberto et al. Risk of fall in the elderly to come to Day two Centers. Lima, Perú. Horiz. Med. [online]. 2014, vol.14, n.3, pp.12-18. ISSN 1727-558X.

Objective: Evaluate the risk of falls associated with sociodemographic variables and cognitive status in the elderly who came in to two day centers in Lima - Peru. Material and Methods: A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study; in a population of 150 adults age 60 and older of both sexes attending two day centers. For data collection we used the Instruments of social profile, Mini-Mental State Examination and the Tinetti Scale. For the analysis of the data we used descriptive statistics, for the association analysis we used the odds ratio with IC 95% and significance of p <0.05. Results: Female prevalence was 75.3%, the age group 80 years and over 33.3%. In assessing the Tinetti Scale average was 21.7 (=6.1) score, 54.7% also presented a high risk of falling; 36.7% risk of falling associated with congnitive function. In relation to cognitive status was found that 20.7% had inadequate cognitive status. The association was observed that the oldest the elderly patient, the greater risk of falling. Conclusions: The necessity for the multidisciplinary team is highlighted, to encourages physical activity to maintain strength and proper posture, in addition to preserving the memory exercises cognitive state promoting an active and healthy aging.

Palabras clave : Cognition disorders; Gait; Postural balance; Aged; Geriatric nursing.

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