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Horizonte Médico (Lima)

Print version ISSN 1727-558X


LA ROSA, Alonso F. Newborn complications in early teenage mothers at Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza from may 2008 to may 2012. Horiz. Med. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.1, pp.14-20. ISSN 1727-558X.

Objective: Due to the increase in fertility rate in teenagers, the interest in knowing the possible complications in the newborns also has increased. Several studies discovered that pregnancy in extreme ages is considered a risk factor for complications in newborns. Other studies have not identified a correlation between teenage pregnancy and complications in newborns. The purpose of this study is to analyze the association of complications in newborns of early teenage mothers (10 to 14 years old) compared to the newborns of adult mothers (20 to 35 years old). Material and Methods: Analytic, retrospective cohort study. The population is the total amount of newborns of early teens plus the same amount of mothers between the ages of 20 and 35 years. Results: From the total of newborns (16 601), 0.37% were part of the early teenagers group. 87.1% of the early teens and 72.6% of the adults mothers group were born within the normal weight range. 90.3% of both groups were born to term. 82.3% and 69.4% respectively, were vaginal deliveries. 95.2% and 96.8% respectively, presented jaundice. Sepsis was present in 93.5% and 96.8% respectively. Respiratory complications present in 96.8% of both groups. Mechanic complications in 90.3% and 95.2%, respectively. Conclusions: The frequency of newborns of early teens was less than national reports. There is no difference between the complications of newborns of early teenagers compared to the newborn of mothers between 20 and 35 years old.

Keywords : Early teenagers; newborns; complications.

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