SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.15 número4Intervención educativa sobre infecciones de transmisión sexual en adolescentes del tercer año de secundaria del Colegio "Los Jazmines de Naranjal" de Lima, 2014 índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Horizonte Médico (Lima)

versión impresa ISSN 1727-558X


NAVARRETE MEJIA, Pedro Javier; VELASCO GUERRERO, Juan Carlos; LOAYZA ALARICO, Manuel Jesús  y  HUATUCO COLLANTES, Zoel Anibal. Anthropometric indicators in two public schools of urban and rural zones in Peru: 2014. Horiz. Med. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.4, pp.6-10. ISSN 1727-558X.

Malnutrition and obesity / overweight associated with malnutrition generate infringement of the potential capabilities on the physical and educational development at school age. The National Household Survey 2008 is sufficient evidence to ensure that malnutrition has the greatest impact on rural areas and that obesity / overweight is higher in urban areas. In recent years the Peruvian government, as part of its modernization and economic growth, has been allocating significant resources to programs for food and nutritional assistance to school aged children in. Objetive: Compare anthropometric indicators in two primary schools in a rural and urban area with similar characteristics, to determine the trend of malnutrition and overweight in these areas. Material and Methods: Analytical- comparative, prospective cross-sectional study. The research included 159 children form the Acobamba school district (Huancavelica) and 280 children from the Carabayllo school district (Lima) from two public schools in an inner city and rural area. Information on the study variables (age, sex, weight, height and BMI) were collected using a pre prepared data collection sheet. The period of data collection was from April to May 2014. Results: higher prevalence of malnutrition was evident in Acobamba (10.06%) and increased obesity/overweight in Carabayllo (16.79%); the mean BMI of children of Acobamba and Carabayllo are statistically equal. Conclusion: The epidemiological characteristics of the study population in both districts of Acobamba (Huancavelica) and Carabayllo (Lima) show relationship of malnutrition in rural areas, while obesity / overweight. Despite being two populations with different geographical characteristics (urban and rural) they have similar characteristics around the nutritional status of the population, for the study sample, which would indicate changes in the profiles of food consumption in rural areas, so it is necessary to conduct studies to determine the factors of this increase.

Palabras clave : malnutrition; nutritional status; school age children.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )