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Horizonte Médico (Lima)

Print version ISSN 1727-558X


ALLPAS GOMEZ, Henry L; RODRIGUEZ RAMOS, Oswaldo; LEZAMA ROJAS, Jackelynne L  and  RARAZ VIDAL, Omar. Diseases of worker in a peruvian company law enforcement safety and health at work. Horiz. Med. [online]. 2016, vol.16, n.1, pp.48-54. ISSN 1727-558X.

Objective: To identify the most common diseases, according the workplace. Material and Methods: The research was descriptive, prospective, exploratory and cross-sectional. It was made at a factory in Lima, which was in the process of application to the law Safety and Health at Work. According to the selection criteria, 121 workers were admitted, which took part of the medical examination, and a file card for medical occupational data was applied. The descriptive statistical analysis (mean, standard deviation, and respective frequencies of 95 %) was performed and a level of significance (p<0.05). The statistical package SPSS and Microsoft Excel were used. Results: The population of study was divided into two occupational areas: workers and administrative staff. The average age was 37.48 years and males represented 83.5%. The most frequent pathological characteristics were: Dyslipidemia (66.9% Hypertriglyceridemia, Hypercholesterolemia 64.5%), 37.2% uncorrected refractive error, 36.8% mild hearing loss and 57% overweight. According to the work area: manual workers showed a higher frequency of hearing problems, dyslipidemia, obesity and high blood pressure (HTA). The administrative staff had greater effects of dyslipidemia, uncorrected refractive error, Grade -I obesity and overweight. Conclusions: The most frequent occupational diseases in the two areas according to the group I: refractive errors and hearing loss. In group II: dyslipidemia and overweight.

Keywords : Diseases of the worker; refractive errors; hearing loss and dyslipidemia.

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