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Horizonte Médico (Lima)

Print version ISSN 1727-558X


GAVILAN ZAMORA, Cinthia; RAMIREZ ROCA, Emilio Germán  and  CASTILLA-TORRES, Nancy Victoria. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) related to the anthropometric profile among patients admitted at the Hospital II Huamanga Carlos Tuppia García-Godos, EsSalud. Ayacucho. Horiz. Med. [online]. 2021, vol.21, n.3, e1368. ISSN 1727-558X.


To determine the association between plasma and mass prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and the anthropometric profile, taking into account the risk of prostate pathologies.

Materials and methods:

A correlational, quantitative, cross-sectional and retrospective study conducted with a sample of 156 medical records of male patients with PSA tests and anthropometric data. Spearman's Rho with a 95 % confidence level was used to analyze the relationship between the variables.


The average age of the patients was 67.85 ± 10.83 years and their mean PSA value was 3.57 ± 7.30 ng/mL. Fifteen (15) patients (9.60 %) had a low risk (PSA = 4.1 - 9.90 ng/mL), eight (5.10 %) a medium risk (PSA = 10 - 19.90 ng/mL) and six (3.80 %) a high risk (PSA ≥ 20 ng/mL) of developing prostate pathologies. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.37 ± 3.81 kg/m2: 85 patients (54.50 %) were overweight and 18 (11.50 %) were obese. The mean mass PSA was 14.89 ± 30.50 μg, the body surface area (BSA) was 3.93 ± 2.72 m2 and the plasma volume was 4.18 ± 0.21 L. A very low positive correlation was evidenced between plasma PSA and age (rho = 0.184; p = 0.022) and between mass PSA and age (rho = 0.176; p = 0.028). There was a moderate positive association between plasma PSA and BSA (rho = 0.456; p = 0.000) and between mass PSA and BSA (rho = 0.463; p = 0.000). No relationship was found between BMI and PSA.


The association between plasma and mass PSA levels and the anthropometric profile was demonstrated, taking into account the risk of prostate pathologies, which increased with BSA and age.

Keywords : Prostate-specific antigen (PSA); Anthropometry; Body mass index (BMI).

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