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Horizonte Médico (Lima)

versión impresa ISSN 1727-558X


GONZALEZ SANABRIA, Jennifer; PATRICIA GIRALDO, Claudia; CHAVARRO CARVAJAL, Diego Andrés  y  ARUACHAN, Samir Alejandro. Geriatric patient profile and mortality-associated factors in a population over 80 years with COVID-19 infection: an experience of a university hospital in Bogotá. Horiz. Med. [online]. 2022, vol.22, n.4, e2034.  Epub 07-Dic-2022. ISSN 1727-558X.


To characterize the geriatric patient profile and identify the mortality-associated factors in a population over 80 years hospitalized with COVID-19 infection in the geriatric ward of a university hospital in the city of Bogotá.

Materials and methods:

An analytical observational retrospective cohort study based on chart reviews was conducted. The study included patients over 80 years with confirmed COVID-19 infection from March 1, 2020 to February 28, 2021. The dependent variable was mortality and the independent variables were age, clinical factors, baseline characteristics and paraclinical status.


Two hundred eighty (280) patients with a median age of 84 years, most of whom were overweight, were identified. The most frequent symptom was cough followed by dyspnea. Out of all patients, 60.3 % presented lymphopenia and elevated D-dimer levels (> 1,000 μg/L), and most of them showed typical imaging patterns of COVID-19. Mortality accounted for 41.4 % and was mainly associated with older age, elevated C-reactive protein, activities of daily living impairment, history of major neurocognitive disorder, comorbidity, and dependent and frail patient profiles.


The geriatric population has an increased risk of mortality from COVID-19 infection. The present study showed that dependent and frail patient profiles, as well as the presence of comorbidities such as major neurocognitive disorder, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and polypharmacy prior to admission, could influence the outcome.

Palabras clave : Coronavirus Infections; Aged; Mortality; Measures of Association, Exposure, Risk or Outcome; Geriatrics.

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