Revista Peruana de Biología
On-line ISSN 1727-9933
ALFARO AGUILERA, Rubén, GUEVARA TORRES, Mervin and GONZALES CHAVEZ, Isaías. Prevalence and distribution of the principal etiologic agents that affecting wild shrimps from Tumbes, Peru. Rev. peru biol., Dec. 2010, vol.17, no.3, p.359-364. ISSN 1727-9933.
Prevalence and distribution of different pathogens of wild shrimp in the tidal channels of the Region Tumbes - Peru, during March to December 2009. The tidal channels considered in this study were: Boca del Rio Tumbes, El Alcalde, Jelí, El Bendito, Envidia, Soledad and Algarrobo. We collected a total of 1926 shrimps between juvenile and pre-adults of the species Litopenaeus vannamei, L. stylirostris y Farfantepenaeus californiensis. Using the PCR technique, detected the presence of pathogens NHPB (0.62%), IHHNV (0.31%), BP (1.61%) and WSV (2.75%); no infection was found by TSV. The three species studied were positive for WSV and BP showed the highest prevalence of WSV infection (2.98%) in the species L. stylirostris and BP (2.66%) in L. vannamei. The NHPB was detected in the species L. vannamei, L. stylirostris to 0.77% and 0.43% prevalence respectively. There was a prevalence of 0.52% for IHHNV in L. vannamei. The highest prevalence of infections WSV, BP, NHPB and IHHNV were recorded in the tidal channels El Alcalde (10.79%), Algarrobo (4.51%), Envidia (2.26%) and Jelí (5.05%) respectively. Data showed that the constant presence of various pathogens in different penaeid species and their wide distribution along the coast Tumbes, which could produce an impact on wild stocks of shrimp and being a potential risk for development of aquaculture in the region.
Keywords: Prevalence; WSV; IHHNV; BP; shrimp diseases.
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