Acta Médica Peruana
ISSN 1728-5917 versión on-line
SOGI UEMATSUI, Cecilia, ZAVALA SARRIO, Salomón, DELGADO VASQUEZ, Ana et al. Los problemas éticos en la práctica clínica de médicos jóvenes peruanos. Acta méd. peruana, oct./dic. 2010, vol.27, no.4, p.227-232. ISSN 1728-5917.
Objective: To identify ethical problems that Peruvian young physiciansmay face in their clinical practice. Material and method: Fourteen hundred and twenty nine (92%) physicians registered in the competition for residency vacancies in Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos for year 2009 participated in this study. The Hurst et al. scale for ethical experience was used, its validity was established in a peer-reviewed analysis, and its reliability was proved using the Cronbach-alpha test (749). A data base was elaborated using Excel tables and the SPSS-15 statistical package was used for frequency and chi-square analyses. Participation in the studywas on a volunteer and anonymous basis. Results: Of 1429 participants, 57% were male, mean age was 31.4 years (SD: 5.1), the age range was between 23 and 58 years, participants camefrom 26 different Peruvian schools of medicine and from 14 foreign schools of medicine. The majority of physicians finished their training in 2004, but the range was between 1982 and 2008. Limitations in resources for diagnosisand therapy were perceived as the most frequent ethical problems, followed by difficulties in treating patients with disabilities or with personality disorders,and conflict with institutional regulations. Differences were found in thefrequency of ethical problems according to age, sex, and time since finishing studies in medical schools. Conclusions: Young Peruvian physicians often perceive ethical problems, and this is relates to inequities in healthcare.
Palabras llave: Ethical analysis; health services; Ethics; Medical.
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