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Acta Médica Peruana

versión On-line ISSN 1728-5917


MORE FLORES, Mario Marcelino; PAZ CARRILLO, Edith  y  CRUZ CHAVEZ, Flor Ángel. Using porcine pericardio gluteraldehyde treated in the treatment of abdominal wall defects: an experimental study in rats. Acta méd. peruana [online]. 2013, vol.30, n.4, pp.91-96. ISSN 1728-5917.

Introduction: In the Surgical treatment of giant omphalocele and gastroschisis and recommended the complementary treatment with prosthetic synthetic patch in order to prevent the compartmental syndrome. But this prosthetic materials are get out seven a twelve days post surgery. Objectives: This study has the goal to determinate the usefulness of a porcine pericardium treated with 1 % glutaraldehyde , surgically applied on a defect in the abdominal wall. Matrial and method: The study was carry on in Experimental Surgery Unit at the National Child Hospital , we've had 30 rats Holtzmann with weights between 200 and 300 grams. The porcine pericardium sterile obtained was treated with 1% glutaraldehyde. The animals were anesthesied with ketamine 50 mg/ kg and Xilascina 12 mgs/kg IM Atropine 0.2 mgs/Kilo IM. Using sterile surgical technical a rectangular area of 3 x 1 centimeter of the abdominal wall was resected. A similar patch of the porcine pericardium was fixed on the defect with vycril5 (0). Later the skin was sutured on the pericardium..The rats remain lives during 30 days. Results: We had 4 animals death for due evisceration 26 rats survived. In 22 animals, the chirurgical wound was close in first intention 100 % of live animals was observed permanence of the pericardium and the integration of the patch to the abdominal wall. Conclusion: The porcine pericardical patch was curative effect on the abdominal wall defect of the experimental animals. With some mild complications.

Palabras clave : Gastroschisis; omphalocele; Surgical procedures; operative.

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