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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917


SALAZAR-GRANARA, Alberto et al. Analgesic and neuropharmacological activities of soluble and not soluble fractions of the ehtanolic extract from Jatropha curcas L. seeds. Acta méd. peruana [online]. 2014, vol.31, n.4, pp.213-219. ISSN 1728-5917.

Introduction. Preclinical studies show the dose dependent effects on the analgesia, inflammation and neurotoxicity of the leaves, bark and root. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the analgesic and neuropharmacological activity of the fractions of the seed J. curcas L. Methods. Experimental study, preclinical and prospective. 48 rats were distributed in 6 control groups: acetic acid, diclofenac, tramadol, distilled water, diazepam, caffeine. Four experimental groups: 500 mg/kg of soluble fraction and 250, 500 y 750 mg/kg of insoluble fraction; the effects on the algesia were evaluated using an exam of abdominal contortions with acetic acid on 1,5%; the neurological manifestations were measured with the Irwin test. To analyze the quantitative and qualitative variables exams were used. Results. The inhibition of the contortions were 62,27 %, 56,86 %, 44,12 % y 42,06 % for the groups 5, 2, 4 y 3, respectively. The neurological manifestations of the experimental groups showed the presence and significance of the variables: excitation, head twitches, scratching, motor incoordination, Straub tail, piloerection and stereotypies. The variables stereotypes and scratching presented themselves in the two fractions. Conclusion. The soluble and insoluble fraction of the ethanoic extract of J. Curcas L. presented analgesic and toxic effects on the central nervous system.

Keywords : Jatropha; seeds; analgesia; central nervous system.

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