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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917


VILCHEZ-CORNEJO, Jennifer et al. Burnout syndrome in medical students: frequency, characteristics and associated factors. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.4, pp.282-288. ISSN 1728-5917.

Objective: To determine the frequency, characteristics and associated factors with the Burnout Syndrome (BS) in medical students. Material and methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Five-hundred and eighty three (583) medical students doing clinical sciences courses having hospital training periods in Lima, Ica, Junín, Lambayeque and Ucayali were surveyed. The presence of BS was determined using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) in its validated Spanish version, and also the socio-demographic characteristics included in the instrument. Results: Gender distribution was similar (50.6% were male), also 16.5%, 47.7% and 35.3% of the students reported having emotional exhaustion, severe depersonalization and low personal accomplishments, respectively, as defined by the MBI. Also, a significant association was found between BS and being overweight (Prevalence ratio (PR)= 1.57; 95% confidence interval (95% CI)= 1.14 to 2.14); obese (PR= 2.68; 95% CI= 1.75 to 4.11), having chronic disease (PR= 1.84; 95% CI= 1.38 to 2.45), smoking (PR= 1.41; 95% CI= 1.76 to 2.28) drinking alcohol (PR= 1.46; 95% CI= 1.10 to 1.95) and studying in a province university (PR= 1.20; 95% CI= 1.05 to 1.36). Conclusion: BS occurs in those who suffer from a chronic illness, smoke, drink alcohol, and study in a province university

Keywords : Burnout, professional; Students, medical; Alcoholic beverages; Energy drinks; Chronic disease.

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