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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917


YUCUMA-GUTIERREZ, Samuel; GONZALEZ-MANRIQUE, Guillermo; ALZATE-CARVAJAL, Verónica  and  MONDRAGON-CARDONA, Alvaro. Characterization of patients with transverse myelitis in a referral hospital in southern Colombia. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.1, pp.23-26. ISSN 1728-5917.

Objective: To characterize patients with a diagnosis of transverse myelitis (TM) in a referral hospital in southern Colombia during years 2007 to 2013. Material and methods: This is a crosssectional study. All patients with a TM diagnosis were included, according to the criteria set by the Transverse Myelitis Consortium Working Group. Results: We had a total number of 21 cases of TM (1.3 cases/10,000 admissions). Two thirds (66,7%) of all patients were between 15-30 years of age, 57,1% were female; 81.0% had an acute presentation, 100% had motor deficit, 52.4% had autonomic bladder dysfunction, and 81.0% had sensitive level. MT findings were documented using magnetic resonance imaging in 71.4% of cases and 50% by high protein levels in the cerebrospinal fluid. Two thirds (66.7%) of the cases had an unknown etiology. In those cases in which their origin could be identified, the etiologies were: Type I Herpes Simplex (9.5%); Varicella Zoster (9.5%), acute myeloid leukemia (4.8%), systemic lupus erythematosus (4.8%) and vitamin B12 deficiency. Conclusion: MT is a major public health problem, and it is necessary to consider its clinical features, to establish its idiopathic forms and to recognize its infectious causes given their therapy impact and prognosis

Keywords : myelitis; Transverse myelitis; spinal cord disease; Colombia.

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