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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917


CENTENO-ARISPE, José J et al. Status dystonicus, apropos of two cases. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.2, pp.132-135. ISSN 1728-5917.

Status dystonicus (SD) is a rare and underdiagnosed medical emergency, which is usually triggered by infectious conditions. SD may have tonic or phasic dystony. The tonic phenotype is common in men, and those with secondary dystony may have a worse prognosis. The condition is accompanied by hyperpyrexia and rhabdomyolysis that may complicate with acute renal failure, respiratory insufficiency or even death. There are no clinical trials available with respect to its therapy; but drugs such as benzodiazepines, trihexyphenidyl, levodopa, tetrabenazine, baclofen, and gabapentin have shown different degrees of symptomatic control. This article reports two cases of SD in children with cerebral palsy and a past medical history of kernicterus who developed SD after an infectious condition. Both children responded satisfactorily to benzodiazepines, levodopa, baclofen, bromocriptine, and gabapentin. These are the very first cases of SD reported in Peru

Keywords : Dystonia; Rhabdomyolysis; Dystonic disorders.

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