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Acta Médica Peruana

versión On-line ISSN 1728-5917


MAGUINA-VARGAS, Ciro  y  GASTELO-ACOSTA, Rosy. Teachers and their disciples throughout history. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.2, pp.143-149. ISSN 1728-5917.

In this history review we will try to remember great medicine teachers, who were upright, well-trained, and cultivated persons. They were wise enough to transmit their knowledge and experience to many of their disciples, and some of them have continued and even perfected the teachers’ work. We emphasize the importance of the Father of Medicine, Hippocrates; the Father of Epidemiology, John Snow and his contribution to the knowledge and control of Cholera through scientific observation; Dr. Igor Semelweiss, who discovered that puerperal sepsis was caused by contaminated hands from healthcare personnel; the two Founding Fathers of modern bacteriology, Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch, as well as their many disciples such as Dr. Eberth, who discovered the causative agent of Typhoid fever; Dr. Loeffler, who discovered the causative agent of diphtheria, Dr. Pfeiffer, discoverer of what he thought was the causative agent of influenza, and Dr. Kitasato, who discovered the causative agent of tetanus, all of them disciples of Robert Koch; and Dr. Demule Roux, a noticeable disciple of Louis Pasteur. We also refer to Dr. Sigmund Freud and his disciples who perfected and some who disagreed with his ideas; the contributions of doctors Charles Laveran, Patrick Manson, and Ronald Ross in the advances in the knowledge of malaria. In South America, we remember the work of Dr. Oswaldo Cruz, who fought against many infectious diseases in the early 20th century, and his famous disciple, Dr. Carlos Chagas, who discovered the disease that now bears his name. In Peru we also have noticeable instances of teacher and disciples, one of them is the case of Dr. Hugo Pesce, who, being a tropical disease specialist and a known humanist, was able to transmit his knowledge to a distinguished student of his, Dr. Hugo Lumbreras, the greatest professor of tropical medicine in Peru

Palabras clave : History of medicine; Knowledge; Faculty; Students.

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