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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917


BELTRAN-CABRERA, Camilo et al. Myths, believes and practices in asthmatic children caregivers with respect to inhaler therapy in Chiclayo, Peru - 2013. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.1, pp.28-35. ISSN 1728-5917.

Objectives: To describe and analyze myths, beliefs, and practices of asthmatic children caregivers with respect to inhaler therapy in Chiclayo province during 2013. Material and methods: This is a qualitative study that used an explanatory perspective, and it was based on ethnography. Focus groups were implemented and data triangulation was performed. Twenty asthmatic children caregivers and seven pediatricians participated, which were divided in 4 focus groups. These persons were selected using a convenience sampling model. Results were recorded, transcribed, coded and manually categorized according to a thematic analysis. Results: Ninety per cent of caregivers were female; in 55% asthma in their children was poorly controlled. Some myths about the use of inhaled medications for asthma were identified: likelihood for cardiac adverse effects, dependence, alterations in the central nervous system, alterations in the intellectual quotient, and weight gain. Also, the following beliefs were found: behavioral disorders, side effects in growth and the musculoskeletal system, and greater effectiveness of nebulizations compared to that of inhalers. We also found a poor technique for inhaler use, and a high frequency of concomitant use of medicinal plants. Conclusions: Caregivers of asthmatic children have myths and beliefs about inhalers, similar to those reported in similar and different scenarios. The technique described for the use of inhalers was poor. Physicians know most myths, beliefs and practices of their patients. It is recommended that physicians actively ask caregivers about these myths and beliefs in order to explain, clarify and provide necessary assistance in order to improve adherence to therapy and achieve better asthma control

Keywords : Asthma; Focus groups; Qualitative analysis.

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