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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917


JHONSTON, Erik J. et al. Conditions reported as working occurrences in sick leave certificates issued in Peruvian Social Security, 2015 - 2016. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.2, pp.116-120. ISSN 1728-5917.

Objectives: To describe the conditions reported as working occurrences (occupational diseases) in sick leave certificates issued in Peruvian Social Security (EsSalud) all over the country, for the 2015-2016 period. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study of the EsSalud database. The study comprised all sick leave certificates issued because of working occurrences in the EsSalud hospital management system all over the country. Results: Of 256 certificate reports, 188 that complied with the inclusion criterion (being included in the Peruvian list for occupational diseases) entered the analysis. Musculoskeletal conditions were the most frequently reported diseases, leading to the largest amount of days granted for sick leave. In 39 of the aforementioned certificates it was not possible to identify to which activity the condition was related to. Conclusions: Amongst conditions reported as working occurrences (occupational diseases) that required issuing a sick leave certificate, most of them were musculoskeletal conditions, and low back pain was the most prevalent. There is a need for performing further research in order to define according to causality criteria whether these conditions truly correspond to occupational diseases

Keywords : Occupational diseases; Insurance; health; Underregistration.

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