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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917


MONROY-HIDALGO, Alexander et al. Fibromyalgia, its progression and quality of life in a tertiary care hospital in Lima-Peru. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.1, pp.32-37. ISSN 1728-5917.

Objective: To determine the disease progression, its clinical characteristics, and its impact in patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia in a tertiary care hospital in Lima, Peru. Materials and methods: Patients with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia validated by a rheumatologist were selected. Sociodemographic and clinical information was collected, and both the Hospital Depression and Anxiety Scales (HADS) and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire in Spanish (S-FIQ) were administered. Results: Seventy-five female patients were interviewed, with an average age of 54.93 years. Approximately 5.24 years had to elapse since symptoms started until a diagnosis was made. Seventy-one patients (94.67%) reported musculoskeletal pain as their main symptom and 60 (80%) patients had a moderate or severe impact in their quality of life. Six patients had "likely depression" and 22 were described as a "likely anxiety case". Also, 55 patients (73.33%) reported suffering some type of violence, and 12 reported sexual violence. Conclusions: It takes about 5 years from fibromyalgia symptom onset until a diagnosis is made. This condition has a severe impact on quality of life, affecting mental health, work, and income. Up to two thirds of women reported having suffered some type of violence, with an elevated percentage of sexual violence.

Keywords : Fibromyalgia; Quality of life; Depression; Anxiety disorders; Violence against women.

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