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Acta Médica Peruana

versión On-line ISSN 1728-5917


CHAVEZ, José E et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of osteoarthritis in Peruvian Social Security (EsSalud). Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.3, pp.235-246. ISSN 1728-5917.

This paper summarizes the clinical practice guideline (CPG) for the diagnosis and management of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) in the Peruvian Social Security health system (EsSalud). A working group was formed for producing this guideline, and this group included both clinical specialists and methodologists. Systematic searches in PubMed and CPG repositories were performed aiming to answer the 13 clinical questions that were asked. The GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) method was used aiming to determine the certainty of evidence. Eleven recommendations were issued: three were strong (do not request X-ray films as routine practice, give an individualized plan including educational and self-care measures, and prescribe physical activity; and eight were weak (weight-reducing interventions for persons with obesity or who are overweight, avoid the use of paracetamol for OA management, promote the use of oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for OA management, avoid the use of chondroitin sulfate for OA management, avoid the use of prolotherapy for OA management in affected adults, particularly in those with refractory pain not responding to drug therapy, consider the use of adjuvant therapy, such as ultrasound and the like, avoid the use of laser therapies as adjuvant for OA management, and avoid the use of acupuncture for OA management); also, 20 items for good clinical practice and a workflow sheet were issued.

Palabras clave : osteoarthritis; clinical practice guideline; GRADE; evidence-based medicine.

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