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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917


VELA-VASQUEZ, Rolando Silas  and  HURTADO-TELLO, María Maribel. Postoperative residual paralysis after general anesthesia without objective neuromuscular monitoring: An observational study at the Regional Cajamarca Hospital, Perú. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.4, pp.274-280. ISSN 1728-5917.

Objective: To determine both the incidence and severity of residual paralysis in patients not undergoing intraoperative neuromuscular monitoring. Material and Methods: A prospective observational study was performed in 236 ASA I-III adult subjects who underwent surgery under general anesthesia without intraoperative neuromuscular monitoring. When patients were brought to the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU), neuromuscular monitoring was performed using acceleromiography of the adductor muscle of the thumb. The incidence of residual paralysis with TOF ratio (TOFr) values <0.9 and <0.7 was assessed. Results: The incidence of residual paralysis in the PACU with TOFr <0.9 was 81.36% (95% CI: 76.39%-86.33%) and with TOFr <0.7 was 33.9% (95% CI: 27.86%-39.94%). Neostigmine was used to revert neuromuscular blockade only in 48.3% of all cases. The incidence of residual paralysis with TOFr<0.7 was significantly higher in those subjects who did not receive neuromuscular blockade antagonists compared with those who did (42.62% vs. 24.56%, p= 0.03). Conclusions: Both the incidence and severity of residual postoperative paralysis in patients without neuromuscular monitoring was notoriously high in our institution, likely favored by a non-guided dosing of muscle relaxant agents, as well as due to low usefulness of subjective criteria for assessing recovery of neuromuscular function and the lack of routine reversion of neuromuscular blockade.

Keywords : Neuromuscular monitoring; Neuromuscular blockade; Residual neuromuscular blockades; Anesthesiology; Peru.

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