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Acta Médica Peruana

versión On-line ISSN 1728-5917


DIAZ-MENDOZA, Jerson J et al. Epidemiological characteristics of eye injuries at one ophthalmological institute of regional reference, Trujillo Perú, 2016 - 2017. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.4, pp.281-286. ISSN 1728-5917.

Objective: To describe the epidemiological characteristics of eye injuries treated at Regional Ophthalmology Institute (IRO). Material and Methods: A descriptive and prospective study, in which a standardized protocol was developed to obtain and record demographic and clinical data of patients with ocular trauma who attended the emergency department of IRO between January 2016 and April 2017. Results: 1 307 patients with eye injuries were evaluated, 19 were excluded due to incomplete information, resulting in a sample of 1 288 patients, aged between 5 and 70 years, mostly of male gender (84.7 %), being more frequent patients from 21 to 40 years (46.7 %). Occupational accidents were the most frequent cause (63.7 %), occurring mainly in metal-mechanic workers, welders and workers, followed by domestic accidents (19.2 %). A total of 95.4 % were closed injuries, mostly unilateral. Corneal foreign bodies accounted of 73.4 % of cases, followed by contusions (16.2 %). 56.2 % of open-globe injuries were penetrating, restricting damage mainly to the cornea (64.9 %). 52.6 % of patients with open-globe injury ended up with visual acuity between 4/200 and no light perception). Conclusions: Closed eye injuries were the most prevalent, mainly affecting young, male patients who working in metal-mechanical and construction industry. Metallic corneal foreign bodies were the main type. The majority of open-globe trauma had a poor visual prognosis after surgical repair.

Palabras clave : Eye injuries; Epidemiology; Emergencies; Referral and consultation.

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