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Revista de la Sociedad Química del Perú

Print version ISSN 1810-634X


VASQUEZ QUISPESIVANA, Wilfredo; OLAECHEA, Raúl Porturas  and  CRISPIN SANCHEZ, Fredy. Effect of the inclusion of different lipid sources in the diet on the polynsaturated fatty acids profile in Piaractus brachypomus fillet. Rev. Soc. Quím. Perú [online]. 2019, vol.85, n.3, pp.315-326. ISSN 1810-634X.

This research evaluated the effect of the inclusion of different lipid sources in the diet on the on the polyunsaturated fatty acids profile PUFA in Piaractus brachypomus fillet. Four types of oil were used; palm, corn, soy and fish oil, to formulate diets that comply with the nutritional requirements of the fish. These four diets were supplied for two months and a commercial diet was used as a control. The fatty acid profile was determined for oils, diets and fillets, before and after the experiment. The levels of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFA) such as arachidonic acid (AA) and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were analyzed. The best PUFA profile in fillets (2,11; 4,64 and 7,0 % AA; EPA and DHA respectively) was obtained with the diet elaborated with fish oil, however, the best vegetable oil that influenced the increase of PUFA profile in Piaractus brachypomus fillet (3,11; 0,82 and 3,71 % of AA, EPA and DHA) was palm oil. It was demonstrated the ability to improve the PUFA profile in Piaractus brachypomus fillets.

Keywords : Piaractus brachypomus; ácidos grasos; filete; palma; maíz; soja; pescado; alimento; Piaractus brachypomus; fatty acids; fillet; oil; palm; corn; soy; fish; diet.

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