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Revista de la Sociedad Química del Perú

Print version ISSN 1810-634X


YARLEQUE, Mirtha; ZALDIVAR, Miguel; BONILLA, Pablo  and  YARLEQUE, Armando. Biochemical analysis of two fractions with anticoagulant action of the leaves of Oenothera rosea "Chupasangre". Rev. Soc. Quím. Perú [online]. 2020, vol.86, n.3, pp.219-230. ISSN 1810-634X.

Traditionally the leaves of Oenothera rosea "chupasangre" are used to reduce the bruising in humans. Therefore, this research was focused at evaluating of the fractions capable of retarding blood clotting. From the ethanolic extract of O. rosea separated by thin layer chromatography on cellulose using ethanol: water (1: 5), F-2 and F-5, wich were preincubated for 10 minutes with thrombin and the venom of the Lachesis muta snake rich in EST (Thrombin-like enzyme) and then coagulant activity was measured on citrated human plasma and bovine fibrinogen, as well as the BApNA chromogenic substrate. The results showed that F-2 lengthened the clotting time over Fb 58,58 % and F-5 67,78 %, while using poison the delays were for F-2 10,67 % and F-5 36,27 %. Using plasma, the values were for F-2 34,14 % and F-5 70,59 %. Likewise, by using thrombin the amidolytic activity was reduced by F-2 48,48 % and F-5 67,32 % while with the EST of L. muta the inhibition of F-2 50,20 % and F-5 69, 10%. These in vitro tests conclude that F-2 and F-5 will be anticoagulant flavonoids with probable antithrombolytic action.

Keywords : coagulation; glycosylated flavonoids; plasma; thrombin; fibrinogen; venom.

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