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Revista de la Sociedad Química del Perú

Print version ISSN 1810-634X


ORE B., Yerald; PICHILINGUE L., E. Renzo  and  VALDERRAMA NEGRON, Ana C.. Extraction and characterization of sodium alginate from the macroalgae Macrocystis pyrifera. Rev. Soc. Quím. Perú [online]. 2020, vol.86, n.3, pp.276-287. ISSN 1810-634X.

In the present work, it was proposal a process for the extraction of sodium alginate, which was obtained from the brown macroalgae Macrocystis pyrifera collected in La Punta-Callao. The extraction process presented a yield of 12 % and the alginate obtained was characterized by FT-IR and 13C NMR techniques in solid state, which was compared with a commercial alginate. The evaluation of the presence of mannuronic and guluronic blocks has been carried out through the use of the 2nd derivative, obtaining characteristic signals at 894 cm-1 for C -H α - L - guluronic in AlgM and at 885 cm-1 for C1-H anomeric region of the β-D-mannuronic in AlgC. Moreover, characteristic signals were assigned for the algae spectrum at 902 cm-1 and at 812 cm-1 corresponding to vibrations of the α - L - guluronic blocks. By 13C NMR in solid state, a characteristic peak was obtained at 102.4 ppm for AlgM associated with the anomeric carbon C1-H α - L-guluronic, while in AlgC two peaks were visualized at 101.8 ppm and 99.8 ppm assigned to the C1-H α - L - guluronic and C1-H β - D - mannuronic respectively thus indicating the presence of both G blocks and M blocks in commercial alginate.

Keywords : Alginate; Extraction; Macrocystis pyrifera; 13C NMR in solid state.

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