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Revista de la Sociedad Química del Perú

Print version ISSN 1810-634X


VICUNA GALINDO, Eder C.  and  SOTO HUAMAN, Alissa. Optimization of the Pb 2+ and Zn 2+ removal process by the adsorbent- flocculant material Neonite™. Rev. Soc. Quím. Perú [online]. 2021, vol.87, n.4, pp.370-385. ISSN 1810-634X.

Optimal conditions were determined to maximize the removal percentage of heavy metals such as Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions from transparent binary solutions by using a zeolite chemically called Neonite™. From the characterization by XRD, XRF, FTIR and adsorption-desorption of N2, it is established that Neonite™ is mainly composed of the natural zeolite clinoptilolite, having SiO2, Na2O, SO3 and Al2O3 as the main components; the Si/Al ratio was 3,8 and the main exchangeable cations are Na+, Ca2+ and K+, the BET surface area was 24,31 m2/g. The Box Behnken design for four factors, [Pb 2+ ], [Zn 2+ ], Neonite dose and pH at three levels, was used to build second order quadratic models, which presented an adjusted coefficient of determination R2 of 0,8680 and 0,9614 for the removal percentage of Pb2+ and Zn2+ respectively; finally, these models were validated through residual analysis, Cook's distance and leverage value. Based on the models, there is no clear influence of the factors on the removal of Pb2+, while the pH is very influential on the removal of Zn2+. Using the global desirability function, it will be shown that the maximum removal of lead and zinc ions was 98,80% and 93,48%, respectively, at the optimal conditions of concentration of Pb 2+ and Zn 2+ of 20 ppm, dose of Neonite of 442,42 mg/L and pH 8.

Keywords : Box Behnken Design; Pb 2+ and Zn 2+; zeolite; Cook’s distance; leverage; desirability function.

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