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Revista del Cuerpo Médico Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo

Print version ISSN 2225-5109On-line version ISSN 2227-4731


CONDOR-ROJAS, Yudy et al. Knowledge of hand hygiene among nurses and physicians in three national hospitals of the Peruvian social health insurance, 2018. Rev. Cuerpo Med. HNAAA [online]. 2020, vol.13, n.2, pp.141-145.  Epub June 30, 2020. ISSN 2225-5109.

Introduction: The hands of health care workers are the most common means of carrying the microorganisms responsible for healthcare-associated infections. The objective of our study was to evaluate the level of handwashing knowledge in three national social health insurance hospitals in metropolitan Lima, 2018. Material and Methods: During April-August 2018, we interviewed nurses and physicians from three national hospitals with a three-sections questionnaire to evaluate on a twenty-first scale the following domains: generalities, reasons for hand hygiene during healthcare, and situations to perform hand hygiene. Results: The median knowledge of nurses and physicians about hand hygiene was 13.41. The knowledge differs between nurses and physicians (13.3 vs. 13.6). Also, there was a lower frequency of success in the following items: hand disinfection lasts 20 to 30 seconds (54.1%, n=276), hand disinfection has 8 steps (52.9%, n=270), elimination of transitory skin microorganisms (47.1%, n=240), when there is an infectious diagnosis (34.7%, n=177). Conclusion: The knowledge of nurses and physicians was low and there is a difference between professional subgroups. It is recommended to implement continuous training following the WHO multimodular strategies.

Keywords : Hand Disinfection; Knowledge.

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